Widgets Magazine

Panelists discuss egg donor risks

No financial compensation is enough to make up for the potential long-term health consequences of egg donation, argued Judy Norsigian, executive director of Our Bodies Ourselves, a nonprofit organization dedicated to women’s health education, at a Tuesday event exploring the controversial topic.

Norsigian said that if a woman ever asked her whether or not she should go through with donating her eggs, she would say, “Don’t do it.”

This was a message repeated multiple times Tuesday night at the Bechtel International Center during a panel discussion following a screening of the film “Eggsploitation.” The film, which won Best Documentary at the 13th Annual California Independent Film Festival in 2011, aims to show the risks of commercial human egg harvesting for young women in the United States.

Fellow panelist and associate professor in anthropology Lochlann Jain emphasized the “medical and legal issues and the social dimension” of egg donating, arguing that the risks still need to be clarified for potential donors.

Given the hormone treatments required for egg harvesting and possible links with cancer, Jain said it is surprising that there “is no protocol of how to deal with subsequent injuries or problems.” She added that there is a lack of data collection regarding this issue, and discussion of the topic has a high “political valence.”

Norsigian agreed that the long-term effects of egg harvesting are “uncertain, with better tracking needed.” She said she finds it troubling that the Food and Drug Administration does not have personnel examining the problems reported by women after drug usage for egg stimulation.

The film was written and produced by Jennifer Lahl, president of the Center for Bioethics and Culture Network (CBC). Lahl was previously a nurse. The CBC Network is a Northern California nonprofit that explores bioethics.

According to the CBC Network’s website, California, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maryland and Arizona prohibit compensation for egg harvesting for research. These states, however, are silent on payments for in vitro fertilization (IVF) egg harvesting. Arizona was the first state to enact a law requiring certain requirements, such as informed consent health warnings, for IVF harvesting.

Egg harvesting, Norsigian said, “shouldn’t be done multiple times in a year,” and there should certainly be at least a six-month gap.

The film showed pictures of a former Stanford student, Jessica Wing, a repeated egg donor, who died at age 32. Wing’s mother, Dr. Jennifer Schneider, said in the documentary that a follow-up on egg donors should be implemented for health reasons, as well as for establishing a genetic registry for donor offspring.

The film showed testimonials of young women, including another from Stanford, who experienced health complications after undergoing egg harvesting.

Norsigian noted that if you visit “any campus in the U.S. you’ll see ads suggesting that you’d bring happiness” to others by offering eggs. Many women receive advertisements via Facebook, she added.

Audience members suggested adding warnings to egg donation advertisements, in a method similar to that used in cigarette ads, arguing that at the very least advertisements should note that the procedure is not without risks.

Panelists highlighted shortcomings of California legislation on the topic. Former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signed AB 1317 into law in 2009, requiring egg donor ads to reference the existence of medical risks. However, panelists said the legislation is not easily enforceable and has exemptions.

Presenters said they were concerned that the mainstream media does not accurately portray the health consequences of egg extraction. All the speakers were alarmed by the lack of peer-reviewed analyses regarding health risks of the commercial activity.

Norsigian pointed out that “lack of evidence of harm is not proof of safety.”

Audience member Marjorie Murphy Campbell, a blogger who frequently attends Stanford events at the Clayman Institute and the Hoover Institution, asked, “Are we making guinea pigs out of young women?”

Norsigian agreed with the suggestion.

Stanford students formed about a quarter of the audience, with women from San Francisco and the surrounding areas packing the rest of the conference room. Sponsors of the event included Stanford’s Office of Diversity and Leadership and the Women’s Community Center.


  • confusedeggdonor

    I was an egg donor 6 times.  I did experience complications of hyperstimulation.  Both were short term and treated immediately.  I also know I had experiences that were in the minority and considered high risk.  I would donate again in a second.  I never felt like my own fertility was at risk?  Nor did I worry about long-term issues?  It’s now been almost 10 years, I had my own child 1 year ago with no issues (at age 37) and am not experiencing any long term effects.  In fact. the only long-term effect is an on-going relationship with my families and the photos of the children.  I would hate for them to ever read things like this.  I only experienced good things and happy feelings long term.  The short term discomforts were just that, short term.  A friend sent me this article.  It was insulting hurt my feelings for the amazing children brought into this world through egg donation.

  • Karen

    You are very fortunate that your multiple complications were temporary. For those of us who have seen the death and injury the egg donation has brought to young women at Stanford, your personal experience is cold comfort. It has all the intellectual rigor of a glowing report about Russian roulette: “I clicked the trigger 6 times and was never hit by a bullet. Everyone should be allowed to try it!”. Very sad.

  • Mkc9076

    It is certainly a tragedy that this young woman died, and I mean no disrespect to her memory or family. But as an egg donor who has completed five cycles with no complications, and with only fond, altrustic memories as a result – I must defend my well informed decision. Of course there are risks, in fact, one could argue that it is a risk to get in your vehicle or to leave your home. We, as a society, abuse nicotine, a known human carcinogen, and abuse alcohol, putting ourselves into hepatic failure, in extreme cases. I knowingly exposed myself to 5 rounds of fertility treatment, drugs that have been improved with recombinant DNA administration,

  • Mkc9076

    That have been utilized since the early 1980’s. There is no literature that exists that has not later been deemed inconclusive concerning the “link” to reproductive cancers. And should I be wrong about this, life is impermanent, and someone needs to step up to the plate to assist the disease of infertility. When you’ve had your own healthy babies, it is easy to sit back and call this process unnecessarily risky. I endorse a healthy amount of risk. It is what makes us human. Life will eventually end for all of us. I’d rather look back on my own and know I “risked” something and accomplished something beautiful instead of fearing the worst. (and ultimately, the inevitable.)

  • Marcus Santini

    It’s all about cutting down the number of egg donations by one donor. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine believes that further research and studies are needed in the field of egg donation – from medical point of view. I have been visitng ESHRE meeting a few times. I went throught (i believe) all publications and data collections from ESHRE regarding egg donation showing studies based on data from more tha 100 ivf clinics. I wasn’t able to find anything strange according to medical complication of egg donation procedure. Of course there is a risk of OHSS – latest studies show that it may happen in less than 2% donors. And of course there is a possibility of other complications – however it concerns a fraction of donors – and it’s connected with clinical experience of the clinic. Some studies show that women who decide to donate eggs for financial reasons are more likely to suffer emotionally and regret their decision than women with altruistic motivations. So it’s really important how the qualification of the donor look like. Psychological consultation is a must – and to be honest it’s not a standard procedure in every clinic – and it should be! So if anyone is going to be an egg donor and help others… simply find the clinic or bank with proven experience in this field and make the decision after consultation. There are clinics specializing in egg donation – and they are aware of everything I wrote above. You may find such clinics on http://www.eggdonationfriends.com in trusted clinics part of the website.

    Marcus Santini,
    Co-Funder – eggdonationfriends.com